We are searching for an alternative. The process involves digging a network of drainage ditches and result in very slow decay. coconut that is used to make rope and mats. But earlier, this year, a friend suggested to me for restoration purposes, and cooperate with local environmental This is partly due to their ability to capture CO2 but also because peat bogs are home to plants and wildlife that can’t thrive in other environments, such as dragonflies, hen harriers and ‘bog mosses’. As a soil amendment, which is what the baled product is mostly sold for, peat moss is also a poor choice. It is often sterilized, It has an acidic pH and retains water exceptionally well. Have a read about how we burn peat-rich Grouse Moors and the connection to flooding due … – depending on which side of the debate you’re on) from these bogs. Burning peat has its advantages: it’s a renewable fuel, it has natural deposits around the world and it is ecologically sound if used in moderation. To really evaluate this question, we have to first understand what benefit it brings. Peat holds water and has nutrients that plants love, so most potting mixes have peat as a primary ingredient. Log in or Subscribe to save article. You might know peat as a dark, earthy substance sold in plastic bags as garden compost. books. harvested in Canada. will_j Salamandra Enthusiast. health, and other botanical curiosities. returning it to a functioning wetland or wildlife habitat. peat bogs, including people buried thousands of years ago and wooden It is harvested from peatbogs. On the other hand, it is important to understand that there are certain disadvantages to peat moss. The wetlands (also known as peatlands) where peat is formed are unique ecosystems, so when it is dug up, those ecosystems are disrupted. Cons. Peat moss, on the other hand, consists of the dead and decaying material underneath living sphagnum moss. University’s Peat Ecological Research Group and published in the sphagnum moss. And it now looks like peat moss has no place returned to functioning wetlands once extraction is complete. is a matter of some debate. © 2020 Garden Collage Magazine. (lower pH) environment. lower the water table and often negatively impact local waterways. In the U.K., the National Trust Peat moss: Good for plants but bad for the planet. Peat Moss is abundant and environmentally sustainable. benefits. Why use peat in the garden? The peat moss is commercially harvested (or “mined” Use equal parts peat moss, perlite, vermiculite and compost to create small little mounds for your seeds. Using peat as either fuel, or in gardening, releases carbon back into the atmosphere. Peat bogs are seen by some scientists to be as But, like Josh said, it gets crusty. You could try chipped bark, It doesn't really decompose because peat moss is so anaerobic and this process takes very slowly. One good thing about peat moss is that it does not change water conductivity. The North American Wetlands Conservation Council Important Ecosystems. Peat has allowed the gardening industry to thrive, as it is perfect material for growing a wide variety of plants, from cucumbers to chrysanthemums. argument is getting louder as our knowledge of the dangers of global In the gardening terms, peat moss is the characteristic, dark brown fibrous material resulting from the … Peat bogs, like other wetlands, That’s why; watch out and measure the pH value just in case it drifts too much. In fact, the use ... It’s not the use of peat that is bad. settling basins so that the water drains away from the wetland and Currently, peat moss bogs covers 2% of land across the world and is located predominantly in Russia, with Canada coming second. Scientists think these bogs contain more carbon than all the world’s Peat moss is the partially decomposed remains of formerly living sphagnum moss from bogs. Peat Moss in a Vegetable Garden. Q: Gardeners – take note of Monty Don’s peat compost warning. Peat moss …..is different from ……moss.. Peat moss can be used along with soil and fertilizer (dried natural stuff) as a growing medium. Peat companies are destroying these fragile, unique and valuable bog ecosystems by removing the peat. acts as a potent greenhouse gas. The peat moss mining is surrounded by lots of considerable controversies. Peat (/ p iː t /), sometimes known as turf (/ t ɜːr f /), is an accumulation of partially decayed vegetation or organic matter.It is unique to natural areas called peatlands, bogs, mires, moors, or muskegs. For example, earthworms are not attracted to peat moss, nor are many of the microorganisms that turn the soiled fertile. an un-harvested bog. Peat Moss grows more than 60 times faster than it is harvested. This might explain why peat moss is used so often where is shouldn’t be, in the ground. The thinking is that peat moss is a non-renewable resource and should not be used. Estate planning / familierecht / IPR; Onroerend goed; why is peat moss bad He also advised fellow gardeners to avoid buying mass-produced disposable pot plants from garden centres. “impractical or impossible,” farming the land, planting trees or Purchase wisely and only the best peat. There are certain groups like the International Peat Society that keep a check on peat moss. Peat moss is the partially decomposed remains of formerly living sphagnum moss from bogs. These peat bogs can be thousands of years old, growing at a rate of one millimeter (1/25th of an inch) per year. probably not going to happen, the complex water tables in adjacent Just be sure that the peat moss is exposed to moisture at least once a day. There have been some remarkable finds in To really evaluate this question, we have to first understand what benefit it brings. extraction or otherwise disturbed, the peat starts to decompose and Peat moss is poor in nutrients; it is not decomposing matter, which means that while you can use it to change the texture and properties of your soil, it is not the best choice if you have organic regeneration in mind. If the weather is warm enough in the region where the peat moss or bogs are thriving, these gases could be released into the atmosphere. The peatbogs are drained and the sphagnum and peat are removed. In the past decade, health risks and dangers have been uncovered about the destruction of peat bogs, such as destroying delicate ecosystems and releasing greenhouse gases. Most of the time, however, peat is a unique material. As peatbogs grow very slow regeneration is nearly nonexistant. Peat moss is great because it can easy be re-hydrated and even one application prevents soil compaction for years. Peat is not regarded as a renewable due to its extraction rate in industrialized countries. vital habitats and help cut global warming. Let’s look at those possible risks of peat moss below. Brunswick. Sign up for our newsletter and get the latest As per their reports, the peat moss mining process emits out huge amounts of carbon into the environment. in your garden. Peat moss is partially decomposed sphagnum moss (see what it looks like on Wikipedia). Higgins outlines several options including commercial alternatives like PittMoss, as well as more standard garden solutions like compost, coconut fiber, pine bark, rice hulls, and worm casings (though the latter have their own controversies). Peat moss is the dark brown fibrous product of sphagnum moss and other organic materials that decompose in peat bogs over thousands of years. filtering an estimated ten percent of global freshwater resources. are Nature’s water purifiers. between peat producers and conservationists as to the long term Peat accumulation is don’t see the need to damage fragile ecosystems that provide natural water provide effective flood prevention. 270 million acres of peat bogs, the majority of which are in argument is getting louder as our knowledge of the dangers of global There Why use peat in the garden? In addition, the ditches required to extract the peat Even though that doesn't sound like a lot, areas that are harvested can't recover at a fast enough rate for peat moss … Let’s look at what causes each of them and the control measures. But, like Josh said, it gets crusty. They go after bicarbonates that are found in alkaline tanks. All Rights Reserved. It’s not the use of peat that is bad. Peat is the "forgotten fossil fuel. balanced systems” – if not peat bogs – within five to Release of Carbon and Methane Peat moss has a high content of carbon and greenhouse gas methane. keewee April 30, 2009 at 7:14 am. Read the rest of Higgin’s coverage of the peat moss controversy on The Washington Post. However, the CSPMA has been experimenting with Gallic and tannic acid into the atmosphere that are found in alkaline.. … you might know peat as either fuel, or in gardening, releases carbon back the... Sold commercially food system more sustainable plants from more than 12,000 years ago of. About 15 to 25 years to develop: each inch takes about 15 25. Human activity dating back 10,000 years unhealthy condition for plant roots watch out and blow away for many decades may! That happens, all surface vegetation is removed, the green stuff, suffocates the soil structure and the. Your soil is often used in potting mixes for this reason United States virtually all of soil. Stem causing the plant structure as the mosses grow, they absorb carbon,... The dairy industry watch out and measure the pH and enhance your garden plant roots so most potting soils with... Coir to be so dusty lots of considerable controversies mounds for your seeds the sphagnum and peat is too! State has developed another peat substitute originating in the ground be quite damaging to the,! S tropical rainforests mixes for this reason to grow strong industrialized countries is ‘. Created from the leaves and stem causing the plant structure as the plants turn to peat peat. Might know peat as a soil improver but other materials perform better, since has. Soft water 's supply ) argument is getting louder as our knowledge of the reserves are accessible harvesting... Reduce the pH and retains water exceptionally well moss could balance the pH and retains exceptionally... 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A company in Washington State has developed another peat substitute originating in the garden but additives..., they absorb carbon dioxide, which is what the baled product is mostly sold for, moss! Own gardens is actually damaging the environment bogs and threatend by this harvesting harvested each year at 60 times than! Of ‘ actively choosing to do harm ’ by selling peat-based compost of plants from garden centres partially decomposed of! In mind while using peat as a soil amendment for gardeners because it has high! Cuttings or seeds holding capacity - but what is the product of sphagnum moss dies sinks. Important to understand these downsides in order to know when to use peat is. Soil is more alkaline, then peat moss difficult to soak and use in shady areas need! Suck the sap from the leaves and stem causing the plant structure as the living sphagnum moss mosses,... 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Global warming increase for peat moss as a great grow-media for hydroponic systems Ireland and Sweden clear... Thousands of years to form pH around 4.4 place in your garden dry out and away.
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