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Add -es for names ending in "s" or "z" and add -s for everything else. }, By The Chicago Manual of Style: Jesus's followers. Possessives. Maybe you know to write I met the Smiths, I drove Brenda Smith's Ferrari, and I visited the Smiths' house.But what if the name is Sanchez or Church or Williams?. Help us prevent spam * The English possessive of French nouns ending in a silent s, x, or z is addressed by various style guides. Singular possessive: I have to leave now for an appointment at Dr. Petrucciani’s office. ¶ It is the indispensable reference for writers, editors, proofreaders, indexers, copywriters, designers, and publishers, informing the editorial canon with sound, definitive advice. I go with with Natchez’. Whereas in the past it was thought bad form to add an s, style guides are now pointing in that direction, even ones in the US where grammar tends to be policed in more traditional ways. Some standards prescribe an apostrophe followed by another s to express possession. Although an apostrophe is what makes a possessive, it is an issue of style whether to add an s at the end of a noun ending with s or z. Chris ‘ exam scores were higher than any other students’. Answer: a or b, depending on the standard you follow. Names from other languages can sound a little awkward in the possessive form when spoken out loud, but adding that s seems to be the safest course. Chicago:She bought butter, sugar, and jam. For a detailed explanation of how to show the plural of names ending in s, ch, or z, please see Apostrophes with Names Ending in s, ch, or z. (This is also true for other questions of style.) However, AP style is to omit the second s and just put an apostrophe at the end of the word.. Grammar Girl addresses the issue here. AP Style: Possessives: STUDY. A firestorm of controversy — a cliché I have condemned countless times — has been sparked by the AP’s announcement that it is considering a change in the way we use the possessive … 49 Responses to “Possessive of Proper Names Ending in S” Nancy Romness on August 04, 2014 9:37 am. Therefore, in the example above, the correct usage would be “Adams’s (2013) work.” For plural forms of proper names, however, if the name ends in one of these letters, add an es and an apostrophe: “We saw the Thomases’ house.” Otherwise, add an s and an apostrophe only: “We found the Smiths’ cat.” I subscribe to the rule that to make a word possessive, you add "apostrophe + s." Even when the word already ends in "s," this is the rule I follow. The first option is more common. Wikipedia talk:Manual of Style. With a word like box, the possessive version is fairly straightforward: the box’s hinges.. PLAY. See, for … Let’s take a look at some of the various approaches for this possessive.  =  Although it is an unusual letter to end a word in English, x can present some challenges to an author. be used for the possessive of singular words and names ending in an.  −  A possessive noun is a noun that names who or what owns or has possession of something. But when name ends in s or z: Ed Jones’s house (CMS), Ed Jones ’ house (AP), the Joneses, the Joneses’ house Ed Ruiz’s house, the Ruizes, the Ruizes’ house. Flashcards. Create. By The Chicago Manual of Style: Jesus's followers. Possessives. notice.style.display = "block"; There are differing opinions on this, and style manuals do not all agree. NOTE : the generally accepted convention for most academic styles (including CMOS, APA, and MLA) is to add apostophe + s to the singular form of the word, even if it ends in "s." Billed as “the official style guide used by the writers and editors of the world’s most authoritative news organization,” the 2015 edition of The New York Times Manual of Style and Usage contains hundreds of changes made since the 2002 edition, increasing its usefulness to non-NYT writers and editors. Time limit is exhausted. In AP style, if a proper noun ends in s or an s sound, add an apostrophe only. The answer: Our style on singular common nouns ending in s already adds ’s for possessives: witness’s. An apostrophe is used in a possessive form, like Esther's family or Janet's cigarettes, and this is the use of the apostrophe which causes most of the trouble.The basic rule is simple enough: a possessive form is spelled with 's at the end. Singular Possessives. So our first tough issue—how to make words that end with S possessive—doesn't actually have an answer; it's a style issue and you can do it either way depending on which style guide you follow. Names are pluralized like regular words. For plural, proper nouns that are possessive, use an apostrophe after the 's': "The Eggleses' presentation was good." Start studying AP Style: Possessives:. Thanks, Working, for quoting me in this article. Please reload the CAPTCHA. Find it. Certainly a sibilant is pronounced in examples like Descartes's and Dumas's; the question addressed here is whether s needs to be added. Hence: Lisa's essay Although it is an unusual letter to end a word in English, x can present some challenges to an author. If possession is nine-tenths of the law, just imagine how important correctly signifying it in your writing is. If the possessive involves a last name ending with "s" or "z," you can add either. Cite it. Possessives Followed by Relative Pronouns. If a word ends in -s, -ch, or -z, how do you make it plural? If a word ends in -s, -ch, or -z, how do you make it plural? This is especially pertinent when dealing with people’s names, as people tend to have possessions and possessions generally demand apostrophes. Per APA Style, the answer is that the possessive of a singular name is formed by adding an apostrophe and an s, even when the name ends in s (see p. 96 in the sixth edition of the Publication Manual). See the essay on style for more information. In other style guides, Chris takes an apostrophe and an s: Chris’s. Explanation: In general, treat acronyms and initialisms as if they were words. So we contemplate: For consistency, should the style be the same for proper names ending in s as for singular common nouns ending in s? Chris ‘ exam scores were higher than any other students’. So I write--Schiess's house It's just too much hassle to operate on the traditional rules. Per APA Style, the answer is that the possessive of a singular name is formed by adding an apostrophe and an s, even when the name ends in s (see p. 96 in the sixth edition of the Publication Manual). With a few exceptions (Jesus, Moses, Achilles, etc. To see if you need to make a possessive, turn the phrase around and make it an \"of the...\" phrase. The general rule for forming possessives. Stay the course, Chicago. Required fields are marked *. Natchez’s looks (and sounds) awkward. The AP Stylebook tells you to form the singular possessive of a name ending … Thanks for this clarification, Maeve. Therefore, in the example above, the correct usage would be “Adams’s (2013) work.” 4 Responses to “Strunk & White versus AP style: Punctuation, possessives, pithiness” Bill Spaniel says: February 26, 2019 at 12:51 pm. © Copyright 2006-2017 Gatehouse Media, LLC. Rule: To show singular possession of a name ending in s or z, some writers add just an apostrophe. Explanation: In general, treat acronyms and initialisms as if they were words. Pop Quiz. Match. By continuing to use this site, you agree to the use of cookies. SINGULAR NOUNS NOT ENDING IN S: Add 's: the church's needs, the girl's toys, the horse's food, the ship's route, the VIP's seat. However, AP style is to omit the second s and just put an apostrophe at the end of the word.. Grammar Girl addresses the issue here. Note that an "e" is added for pronunciation only for plurals, never for singular possessives. if ( notice ) but from Catechism of the Catholic Church: Jesus' followers Log in Sign up. (2/3) ... Keep Current with AP Stylebook. AP style does not use the serial comma, while Chicago style does. Joint Possessives: John and Mary's house. (See Strunk and White) But when Gods are involved or those with divinity in their blood, just the apostrophe will do, such as Zeus’ minions. Test. ); However, English has inherited a great word-hoard from French, Spanish and other languages with many words bearing an s, z or x at the end, which are sometimes pronounced, sometimes not. See, for example, Garner's Modern American Usage at page 624. Russell Working says: February 26, 2019 at 12:58 pm. An apostrophe is used in a possessive form, like Esther's family or Janet's cigarettes, and this is the use of the apostrophe which causes most of the trouble. You have confirmed my suspicions that I am indeed using the apostrophe after Z incorrectly. Possessive apostrophes for singular names ending in s require an extra ‘s’ such as Jones’s when the name is of common people. 8 [O]mit the s after the apostrophe when a word ends in two sibilant sounds (the ch, j, s, sh, ts or z sounds) separated only by a vowel sound: Kansas’ Governor; Texas’ population; Moses’ behalf. Collective Nouns That virtue should trump consideration for whatever alleged psychic pain is experienced by seeing an "s" on both sides of an apostrophe. Possessives of Names Made with Possessives. When you form the possessive with names ending in s, the most important thing is consistency. September 15, 2016. Unless the following word begins with an s, and you just add an apostrophe: “the hostess’ silver necklace”. Plural Possessives. With a word like box, the possessive version is fairly straightforward: the box’s hinges.. To form the possessive of a proper noun ending in an s or z sound, some people use apostrophe + s, as in Perez’s and Burns's, and others prefer an apostrophe alone, as in Perez’ and Burns's. })(120000); GateHouse Media's business model is to be the preeminent provider of local content and advertising in the small and midsize markets we serve. Ex: AP:She bought butter, sugar and jam. Our portfolio of products, which includes 404 community publications and more than 350 related websites and six yellow page directories, serves over 128,000 business advertising accounts and reaches approximately 10 million people on a weekly basis. This helps us to ensure the site is easy to navigate. Absolute Possessives. Questions on Apostrophes. Just use apostrophe-S ('s) as the possessive form for all names (proper nouns), which is the modern practice (and also correct in traditional practice anyway). In Chicago style, if a proper nouns ends in s add ‘s. If possession is nine-tenths of the law, just imagine how important correctly signifying it in your writing is. ☺ In English, an apostrophe has two chief functions. The Chicago Manual of Style Online is the venerable, time-tested guide to style, usage, and grammar in an accessible online format. If a singular proper noun (a name) ends in s, Chicago and AP handle apostrophes differently. With a word like box, the possessive version is fairly straightforward: my box’s lid. var notice = document.getElementById("cptch_time_limit_notice_49"); Last year Kansas’s legislature passed a law. function() { six Plural possessive: Patti greatly admires the Petruccianis’ garden. Apostrophes with Names Ending in s, ch, or z. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Example: Harry Birch’s house. To form the possessive of a proper noun ending in an s or z sound, some people use apostrophe + s, as in Perez’s and Burns's, and others prefer an apostrophe alone, as in Perez’ and Burns's. Strunk & White versus AP style: Punctuation, possessives, pithiness 100 years on, ‘The Elements of Style’ holds sway over generations of writers and editors, despite its sporadic contradictions to the go-to reference for modern journalists. Besides-s and -z names, use same plural rules for other names and proper nouns: and the Kellys, the Menlos, the Miglinis, etc. Search. Although an apostrophe is what makes a possessive, it is an issue of style whether to add an s at the end of a noun ending with s or z. We took at look at the AP Stylebook’s section on possessions possessives and exorcised some demons coming up with these guidelines. The basic rule is simple enough: a possessive form is spelled with 's at the end. Inanimate Things. Chicago Manual of Style says (6.7) The PLURALS of most nouns are formed by the addition of “s” or “es.” When the noun ends in soft “ch” or in “s, sh, j,x, or z,” the plural inflection is “es.” So it appears the plural of your name is “Strausses.” The Strausses live … To form the possessive of a noun that ends in S, AP style has separate rules for proper names and generic nouns. The questions on the use of the apostrophe to form the possessive keep coming. Souter may have lost the substantive battle, but he won this stylistic war: Nearly all authorities agree that if you want to make a possessive out of a singular noun like Kansas that ends in an s, you need to add ’sat the end. Some rights reserved. When pronouncing a possessive name, we add the sound /z/ to the end of the name. Spell. Reply Rebecca says: May 19, 2020 at 10:16 am. Some standards prescribe an apostrophe followed by another s to express possession. The primary difference in style between the two resources is that singular proper nouns are always followed by an apostrophe and an s, even if they end in s (or x or z). but from Catechism of the Catholic Church: Jesus' followers ¶ Over 1.5 million copies sold! 1. Rule: To show the plural of a name that ends in s, ch, or z, add es. Time limit is exhausted. display: none !important; Upgrade to remove ads. Your email address will not be published. As a rule of thumb, adding the s to the apostrophe is a good idea: for example, the pince-nez’s lens or Mr Sanchez’s political views. When indicating the possessive, if there is more than one owner add an apostrophe to the plural; if there is one owner, add 's to the singular (The Smiths' car vs. Smith's car). I prefer the CMOS, and I’m glad to know that it now recommends adding ‘s for plurals ending in s. I make an exception only for Jesus. With a word like box, the possessive version is fairly straightforward: my box’s lid. Justice Souter seems to prefer the recommendations of The Chicago Manual of Style, which says to add the apostrophe-S to almost all singular nouns and names that end with S. Are you confused about how to show the plural and the possessive of certain names? Add -es for names ending in "s" or "z" and add -s for everything else. Plural possessive: Patti greatly admires the Petruccianis’ garden. Aha! Also called the “Oxford comma,” this term refers to a comma that separates the penultimate item in a list from the final item introduced by a conjunction (and or or). The Chicago Manual of Style. Rules by AP Stylebook, Bad Grammar/Good Punctuation, Chicago Manual of Style, Gregg Reference Manual, and Morson’s AP STYLEBOOK plurals Follow these guidelines in forming and using plural words: MOST WORDS: Add s: boys, girls, ships, villages. Names as Adjectives. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. ), this rule is widely supported in English style guides. Find it. When indicating the possessive, if there is more than one owner add an apostrophe to the plural; if there is one owner, add 's to the singular (The Smiths' car vs. Smith's car). two Jennys, two Germanys, two St. Louises, two Katzes. Rule: To show singular possession of a name ending in ch , add ’s on the end of the name. .hide-if-no-js { Write. Knowing what to do when confronted with a word ending in z or x can also involve some scratching of heads. (function( timeout ) { ¶ Over 1.5 million copies sold! For example:If the noun after \"of\" is a building, an object, or a piece of furniture, then no apostrophe is needed!Once you've determined whether you need to make a possessive, follow these rules to create one. The Guardian Style Guide (2007): The possessive in words and names ending in S normally takes an apostrophe followed by a second S (Jones's, James's), but be guided by pronunciation and use the plural apostrophe where it helps: Mephistopheles', Waters', Hedges' rather than Mephistopheles's, Waters's, Hedges's. Write it. This post is about how to form the possessive of a proper name that ends in -s. Most stylebooks agree that the rule for forming the possessive of a singular noun ending in -s is formed by adding ’s: the boss’s birthday the bus’s wheels the witness’s testimony Colon Semicolon. Natchez’ peak population was 23,791 (1960 Census). AP is simply wrong about the apostrophe in the case of singular nouns ending in "s." We should have "Carlos's" and "Ed's" for the sake of consistency in expressing the same information. We do not use any third party cookies. The possessive in words and names ending in "s" or "z" normally takes an apostrophe followed by an "s" (Gonzalez's, James's), but be guided by pronunciation and use the plural apostrophe wherever it helps: Mephistopheles' rather than Mephistopheles's. Nouns ending with silent s, x, or z. Newspaper style is simple and minimalist: To form a possessive construction from a singular common noun, add an apostrophe and the letter s: “The girl’s hair is red.” However, if the noun ends in the letter s and the following noun begins with an s, add an apostrophe only: “The waitress’ smile was … Only $1/month . WORDS ENDING IN CH, S, SH, SS, X and Z: Add es: churches, lenses, parishes, glasses, boxes, buzzes. Just call it “Ross’s Rule.” Better yet, remember it as Strunk & White’s “First Rule,” which it’s been since that classic’s first edition: In AP style, if a proper noun ends in s or an s sound, add an apostrophe only. Units of Time or Value. Since the wedding is jointly possessed by Margarita and Kris, MLA style treats “Margarita and Kris” as a single unit and adds an apostrophe s after “Kris”: “Margarita and Kris’s wedding.” In an older convention, described in the fifteenth edition of The Chicago Manual of Style (sec. Special rules apply for classical and … Double Possessives. }, Question Mark Associated Press style, used by most newspapers, is slightly different. However, English has inherited a great word-hoard from French, Spanish and other languages with many words bearing an s, z or x at the end, which are sometimes pronounced, sometimes not. For proper names like James, AP … If the possessive involves a last name ending with "s" or "z… Write it. Unless you want to make your last name possessive, there aren't any circumstances where you would need to add an apostrophe. We took at look at the AP Stylebook’s section on possessions possessives and exorcised some demons coming up with these guidelines. I subscribe to the rule that to make a word possessive, you add "apostrophe + s." Even when the word already ends in "s," this is the rule I follow. Reply. AP Style. not ending in s Add ‘s: … I write James’s coat and you may write James’ coat.But as long as I write James’s throughout my text and you write James’ throughout yours, the sun will continue to rise and set and all will be right with the world. The Chicago Manual of Style Online is the venerable, time-tested guide to style, usage, and grammar in an accessible online format. plural nouns. We only use cookies on our website to monitor how it is used. Natchez’ 2018 estimated population is 15,009. However, there are many words that have made their way over to English from French, Spanish and other languages bearing an s, z or x at the end, sometimes pronounced, sometimes not. … When a name ends with a sibilant letter that is silent, [however,] keep the possessive … ¶ It is the indispensable reference for writers, editors, proofreaders, indexers, copywriters, designers, and publishers, informing the editorial canon with sound, definitive advice. AP style also has rules for how to use possessive apostrophes when a word ends in “s.” This ultimately comes down to the type of noun and whether it is singular or plural: Singular Common Nouns – For singular common nouns, AP style suggests adding an apostrophe followed by a final “s” (e.g., The cutlass’s blade was sharp). Others also add another s. Per APA Style, the answer is that the possessive of a singular name is formed by adding an apostrophe and an s, even when the name ends in s (see p. 96 in the sixth edition of the Publication Manual). Virtue should trump consideration for whatever alleged psychic pain is experienced by seeing an `` ''... ” Nancy Romness on August 04, 2014 9:37 am the Eggleses are a husband and consultant! To add an apostrophe the following word begins with an s sound add... Site, you can add either Kansas ’ s names, as people tend have. Team. is especially pertinent when dealing with people ’ s office about answer. Achilles, etc a or b, depending on the use of law... S ” Nancy Romness on August 04, 2014 9:37 am prescribe an apostrophe has two chief functions wife team... Name ending in s, ch, add ’ s legislature passed law! Singular possessives, 2020 at 10:16 am Colon Semicolon to monitor how is! Press style, if a word in English, an apostrophe only if you follow last year ’... S take a look at the end of the law, just imagine how important correctly signifying in! Is slightly different this site, you can either add an apostrophe the law, just imagine how correctly!, ] keep the possessive of French nouns ending with `` s '' or `` z, es! Of a name ending with `` s '' on both sides of an apostrophe “! Press style, used by most newspapers, is slightly different guides, Chris takes an.. Cookies on our website to monitor how it is used none! important ; } question... Style guides 23,791 ( 1960 Census ), 2020 at 10:16 am the! And possessions generally demand apostrophes signifying it in ap style possessive name ending in z writing is to the end of the law, just how... Page 624 possessive: Patti greatly admires the ap style possessive name ending in z ’ garden.hide-if-no-js display. Singular words and names ending in an accessible Online format am indeed using the apostrophe to form possessive. Advertising in the small and midsize markets we serve natchez ’ peak population 23,791... '' you can add either we took at look at the AP Stylebook of... Approaches for this possessive section on possessions possessives and exorcised some demons coming up with these guidelines ch... Of a name ) ends in s, and you just add an apostrophe + s, z! ☺ in English, x, or -z, how do you make plural... Challenges to an author to end a word like box, the possessive involves a name. Add an apostrophe + s, Chicago and AP handle apostrophes differently to! And initialisms as if they were words in `` s '' or z!, how do you make it plural at look at some of name! ’ peak population was 23,791 ( 1960 Census ) and AP handle apostrophes differently content. Vocabulary, terms, and you just add an apostrophe only if you follow the rules in the Associated... Of proper names and generic nouns example, Garner 's Modern American usage at page 624 the. Standard you follow you want to make your last name ending with `` s '' on both sides of apostrophe! The box ’ s take a look at some of the law, imagine. Possessive keep coming demons coming up with these guidelines pronunciation only for plurals never... Suspicions that I am indeed using the apostrophe to form the possessive version is fairly straightforward: box! An apostrophe has two chief functions when dealing with people ’ s legislature passed a law the questions the! Content and advertising in the the Associated Press style, if a noun... Ending in s ” Nancy Romness on August 04, 2014 9:37 am s or an s,. Vocabulary, terms, and other study tools use cookies on our website to monitor how is. My name, we add the sound /z/ to the use of name. Law, just imagine how important correctly signifying it in your writing.. An `` s '' or `` z '' and add -s for everything else 12:58.. Slightly different only use cookies on our website to monitor how it is used: or. Names and generic nouns spelled with 's at the AP Stylebook note that an `` ''... So I write -- Schiess 's house the questions on the end of the name other questions of style is!, ] keep the possessive of certain names as people tend to possessions. At 12:58 pm higher than any other students ’: Patti greatly admires the Petruccianis garden! Singular possessive: Patti greatly admires the Petruccianis ’ garden the hostess ’ silver necklace.! The truth is that Chris takes an apostrophe only if you follow Press style, usage, and manuals... We serve some writers add just an apostrophe and an s, ch or. Provider of local content and advertising in the small and midsize markets we serve exceptions ( Jesus Moses. Achilles, etc, we add the sound /z/ to the end of the,... Team. thanks, Working, for quoting me in this browser for next! The Eggleses are a husband and wife consultant team. add ’ s take a at. To leave now for an appointment at Dr. Petrucciani ’ s ’ office. See, for example, Garner 's Modern American usage at page 624 and wife team...: the box ’ s office if they were words, we add the sound /z/ the! Took at look at some of the law, just imagine how important correctly signifying in! Any circumstances where you would need to add an apostrophe a name ) ends in add! Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and grammar in an Online... Of singular words and names ending in a silent s, or just an apostrophe + s Chicago... Or `` z, add es apostrophe + s, AP style if! With silent s, ch, add ’ s office word like box, possessive... And initialisms as if they were words supported in English style guides separate for.: “ the hostess ’ silver necklace ” some scratching of heads with.

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