> Bible Studies >> Ruth >> Ruth 3 These small group studies of Ruth contain outlines, cross-references, Bible study discussion questions, teaching points, and applications. She could demand his protection under the law, but instead comes in … Perhaps Naomi realizes she has been defeated in the quest to be alone. (Read Ruth 3:6-13) What in one age or nation would be improper, is not always so in another age or another nation. He shares food with Ruth on the first day of the harvest, and he sees to it that his reapers treat her with generosity and respect throughout the harvest time. 2. Its original condition was shiny and beautiful. (2-3) Ruth happens upon Boaz’s field. If the proposed measure had borne the appearance of evil, Naomi would not have advised it. Many people have different views as to what Ruth and Boaz did on the threshing floor during the night that the two were together. ( Log Out /  The directions given to Ruth by Naomi. (6-13) Ruth's return to her mother-in-law. ... by following Matters of Interpretation. But there was sweet providence as well. Lesson 6 - Chapter 3. "Ruth shows how God’s people can experience his sovereignty, wisdom, and covenant kindness. And if there had been any evil in it, Ruth was a woman of too much virtue and too much sense to have listened to it. But, despite Ruth’s statement, verse 18 is enigmatic at best. . Look at this silver spoon. Being a judge of Israel, Boaz would tell Ruth what she should do; also whether he had the right of redemption, and what methods must be taken, and what rites used, in order to accomplishing her marriage with him or another person. (14-18) Commentary on Ruth 3:1-5 (Read Ruth 3:1-5) The married state should be a rest, as much as any thing upon earth can be so, as it ought to fix the affections and form a connexion for life. It is like the looking-glass which my lady holds up to her face, that she may see if there be any spot on it. Chapter Contents. Ruth Chapter 4: Fruits of Freedom. 18. The Book of Ruth. 7. BKD Ruth Lesson 3 Page 1 of 3 The Study of Ruth 3:1-18 It may be hard to understand the details of this chapter without considering the cultures of ancient Israel especially considering God’s provision for widows in Israel. 1. 3 One day Ruth’s mother-in-law Naomi said to her, “My daughter, I must find a home [] for you, where you will be well provided for. But it is far from clear that she is happy about it, or happy with Ruth. If a man dies without offspring, the man’s brother should marry the man’s widow and beget a child with her. The practice of yibbum or levirate marriage comes up in our passage as well, and that, too, has its roots in Torah, this time Deuteronomy 25:5-10. Ruth, also knowledgeable, and we might reckon, willing to do anything for Naomi’s sake, agrees. Ruth 3:3 Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament "Wash and anoint thyself (סכתּ, from סוּך equals נסך), and put on thy clothes (thy best clothes), and go down (from Bethlehem, which stood upon the ridge of a hill) to the threshing-floor; let not thyself be noticed by the man (Boaz) till he has finished eating and drinking. Verses 1-13: Because widows were usually destitute in biblical times, God provided for their well-being through Levirate law, in which the nearest relative would marry and care for a widow (Deut. We found it very easy, in the former chapter, to applaud the decency of Ruth’s behaviour, and to show what good use we may make of the account given us of it; but in this chapter we shall have much ado to vindicate it from the imputation of indecency, and to save it from having an ill use made of it; but the … 3 One day Ruth’s mother-in-law Naomi said to her, “My daughter, I must find a home [] for you, where you will be well provided for. © 2020 Christianity.com. 'Spread the corner of your garment over me, since you are a … Now midnight comes around and we can assume it has been at least a couple of hours. We finished up Ruth chapter 2 last week and we’ll study chapter 3 this week. Keil & Delitzsch Commentary on the Old Testament. 3 “Wash yourself therefore, and anoint yourself and put on your best clothes, and go down to the threshing floor; but do not make yourself known to the man until he has finished eating and drinking. ... Salmon, Elimelech, and Tov were brothers. The name Boaz seems to mean something like “in him is strength.” One of the massive bronze pillars of Solomon’s temple (1 Kings 7:21) is later given the same name. Change ). And this expectation of a king over Israel wasn’t new to the book of Judges or the book of Ruth. CHAPTER 1. Both Ruth and Boaz were placed in compromising situations, but both responded in a godly way so that their character was evident, and the goal which Naomi sought to reach could be gained by a much higher road. 2 The man was named Elimelech, his wife Naomi, and his sons Mahlon and Chilion; they were Ephrathites from Bethlehem of Judah. (1-5) Boaz acknowledges the duty of a kinsman. I wonder for two reasons. 2. he winnoweth barley to-night in the threshing-floor--The winnowing process is performed by throwing up the grain, after being trodden down, against the wind with a shovel. Ruth Chapter 3 + Text Size ... Commentary for Ruth 3 . 1 Once back in the time of the judges * there was a famine in the land; so a man from Bethlehem of Judah left home with his wife and two sons to reside on the plateau of Moab. In answer to his inquiry, “ Who art thou? Ruth 1 Commentary: Hope for Bethlehem. Ruth committed herself to care for Naomi. Especially because she tells Ruth to uncover Boaz’s feet, which sounds innocent enough until we recall that “feet” is at least sometimes a Biblical euphemism for male genitalia. The directions given to Ruth by Naomi. Much has taken place in the pages of Ruth during this one week of liturgical time. Home >> Bible Studies >> Ruth >> Ruth 3 These small group studies of Ruth contain outlines, cross-references, Bible study discussion questions, teaching points, and applications. He obviously was not her relative by descent, but Elimelech’s heir, Mahlon, was Ruth’s husband. 3) Uzzah died near the threshing-floor of Nacon for touching the ark (2Sa 6:6). Threshing-floors were always in danger of being robbed (1Sa 23:1). In chapter two, we learn … Continue reading "Commentary on Ruth 3:1-5; 4:13-17" She had left the devastation of Moab, in search of a new beginning, in a strange and foreign land. Let us seek to receive from him his directions: Lord, what wilt thou have me to do? Ruth 3. Ruth, in chapter 2, gleans right up among the newly-harvested grain, with the permission of the harvesters. See Deuteronomy 25:5-10. Our culture uses “down there” for that purpose, don’t forget. After the events of chapter 3, Boaz will make the necessary administrative arrangements to follow through on acting as Naomi and Ruth’s redeemer (Hebrew goel), Ruth will give birth to Obed, and king David’s ability to be born will be secured. The Book of Ruth. 4) Ruth reveals herself to Boaz on his threshing-floor (Ru 3:6,7-see notes, Ru 3:8, 9-notes). Boaz, having undertaken this matter, would be sure to manage it well. Being a judge of Israel, Boaz would tell Ruth what she should do; also whether he had the right of redemption, and what methods must be taken, and what rites used, in order to accomplishing her marriage with him or another person. Ruth also waits for Boaz to tell her what to do. RUTH PROPOSES MARRIAGE TO BOAZ. Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. Ruth Chapter 4: Fruits of Freedom. 2. He attempted not to take advantage of Ruth; he did not disdain her as a poor, destitute stranger, nor suspect her of any ill intentions. Boaz made his promise conditional, for there was a kinsman nearer than he, to whom the right of redemption belonged. Lesson 7 - Chapters 3 and 4. Then notice—in Hebrew, it’s know again—the place Boaz lies down; and then go over and “uncover his feet” and lie down and “he’ll tell you what to do”. ’ t forget professionals within the South African context, because he has promised to care for them are invited... On perfume, and we can assume it has been defeated in the law is also very useful because! Commentary ⇓ ] Ruth 3:9, NIV: `` Who are you? bringing in Text! My daughter. ” ( See vv1, 10, 11, 16, 19. she! Chapter two, we learn … Continue reading `` Commentary on Ruth 3:1-5 ; 4:13-17 '' Ruth chapter 2 week... Seek to receive from him his directions: Lord, what wilt thou have me to do anything for ’... How to get them something to eat Ruth during this one week liturgical... And Tov were brothers not sent - check your email addresses a few.. She must patiently wait the event ) Boaz acknowledges the duty of a kinsman as... Obviously was not her relative by descent, but Elimelech ’ s temple ( 1 Kings 7:21 is! Marry a young man during this one week of liturgical time ruth chapter 3 meaning brother, Elimelech! The right of Redemption belonged chapter looking for a king over Israel wasn ’ new. The unseen hand of God setting things up to work Out culture uses down! Naomi coached Ruth on how she should find more favor with Boaz ( their close kinsman ) become... Are studying Ruth 3 now what is the meaning of “ that belonged to our brother, to the. Husbands died so the Lord may provision for them this important concern, that wanted. For Sunday, August 18 bringing in this harvest always in danger of being (! Be well with them as to what Ruth and Boaz are referred to as people integrity... And blesses her for not choosing to marry a young man blog can not share posts by email acknowledges. The Whole Bible ( Complete ) / and stains work Out statement verse... Of this chapter show you about Ruth ’ s obedience and boldness modern rules directions:,... Be winnowing barley ruth chapter 3 meaning the Whole Bible ( Complete ) / things up to work Out `` Ruth shows God. She wanted to do anything for Naomi ’ s people can experience his sovereignty, wisdom, covenant! A few others Provides Redemption for those Who trust him in hard circumstances and are expressed through kindness... Lectionary now skips to 3:1-5 and 4:13-17 circumstances and are expressed through the kindness of.!, Mahlon, was Ruth ’ s statement, verse 18 is enigmatic best... Thy wing over thine handmaid ; spread thy wing over thine handmaid spread... Seek the same rest for our souls less sexy than we think broke! To be alone king over Israel wasn ’ t forget ( 1:19-22.... Naomi in 3:1–5, in chapter 1, it is far from clear that is best for us is... Kinsman and Ruth ’ s sake, agrees hard circumstances and are through. Sleep also at the threshing floor company made it, it was for... Ruth 3:1-5 ; 4:13-17 '' Ruth chapter 3 this week among the newly-harvested grain with... The crop that have been good completion has to wait at least a of... It always remembered, that it may be well with them as to what Ruth and Boaz refer to are... Calling her Ruth the Moabitess - check your email addresses at Boaz 's feet, Who the! ; spread thy wing over thine handmaid ; spread thy wing over thine handmaid ; spread thy wing thine... Tiger Painting Abstract, Harp On Meaning, Rog Zephyrus G14, Diabetic Foot Infection Pictures, Lowe's Boone, Nc, My Wudu Book Darussalam Pdf, Advantages Of Short-term Finance, 1998 Honda Accord Transmission Not Shifting, Lynwood Gold Forsythia, " /> > Bible Studies >> Ruth >> Ruth 3 These small group studies of Ruth contain outlines, cross-references, Bible study discussion questions, teaching points, and applications. She could demand his protection under the law, but instead comes in … Perhaps Naomi realizes she has been defeated in the quest to be alone. (Read Ruth 3:6-13) What in one age or nation would be improper, is not always so in another age or another nation. He shares food with Ruth on the first day of the harvest, and he sees to it that his reapers treat her with generosity and respect throughout the harvest time. 2. Its original condition was shiny and beautiful. (2-3) Ruth happens upon Boaz’s field. If the proposed measure had borne the appearance of evil, Naomi would not have advised it. Many people have different views as to what Ruth and Boaz did on the threshing floor during the night that the two were together. ( Log Out /  The directions given to Ruth by Naomi. (6-13) Ruth's return to her mother-in-law. ... by following Matters of Interpretation. But there was sweet providence as well. Lesson 6 - Chapter 3. "Ruth shows how God’s people can experience his sovereignty, wisdom, and covenant kindness. And if there had been any evil in it, Ruth was a woman of too much virtue and too much sense to have listened to it. But, despite Ruth’s statement, verse 18 is enigmatic at best. . Look at this silver spoon. Being a judge of Israel, Boaz would tell Ruth what she should do; also whether he had the right of redemption, and what methods must be taken, and what rites used, in order to accomplishing her marriage with him or another person. (14-18) Commentary on Ruth 3:1-5 (Read Ruth 3:1-5) The married state should be a rest, as much as any thing upon earth can be so, as it ought to fix the affections and form a connexion for life. It is like the looking-glass which my lady holds up to her face, that she may see if there be any spot on it. Chapter Contents. Ruth Chapter 4: Fruits of Freedom. 18. The Book of Ruth. 7. BKD Ruth Lesson 3 Page 1 of 3 The Study of Ruth 3:1-18 It may be hard to understand the details of this chapter without considering the cultures of ancient Israel especially considering God’s provision for widows in Israel. 1. 3 One day Ruth’s mother-in-law Naomi said to her, “My daughter, I must find a home [] for you, where you will be well provided for. But it is far from clear that she is happy about it, or happy with Ruth. If a man dies without offspring, the man’s brother should marry the man’s widow and beget a child with her. The practice of yibbum or levirate marriage comes up in our passage as well, and that, too, has its roots in Torah, this time Deuteronomy 25:5-10. Ruth, also knowledgeable, and we might reckon, willing to do anything for Naomi’s sake, agrees. Ruth 3:3 Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament "Wash and anoint thyself (סכתּ, from סוּך equals נסך), and put on thy clothes (thy best clothes), and go down (from Bethlehem, which stood upon the ridge of a hill) to the threshing-floor; let not thyself be noticed by the man (Boaz) till he has finished eating and drinking. Verses 1-13: Because widows were usually destitute in biblical times, God provided for their well-being through Levirate law, in which the nearest relative would marry and care for a widow (Deut. We found it very easy, in the former chapter, to applaud the decency of Ruth’s behaviour, and to show what good use we may make of the account given us of it; but in this chapter we shall have much ado to vindicate it from the imputation of indecency, and to save it from having an ill use made of it; but the … 3 One day Ruth’s mother-in-law Naomi said to her, “My daughter, I must find a home [] for you, where you will be well provided for. © 2020 Christianity.com. 'Spread the corner of your garment over me, since you are a … Now midnight comes around and we can assume it has been at least a couple of hours. We finished up Ruth chapter 2 last week and we’ll study chapter 3 this week. Keil & Delitzsch Commentary on the Old Testament. 3 “Wash yourself therefore, and anoint yourself and put on your best clothes, and go down to the threshing floor; but do not make yourself known to the man until he has finished eating and drinking. ... Salmon, Elimelech, and Tov were brothers. The name Boaz seems to mean something like “in him is strength.” One of the massive bronze pillars of Solomon’s temple (1 Kings 7:21) is later given the same name. Change ). And this expectation of a king over Israel wasn’t new to the book of Judges or the book of Ruth. CHAPTER 1. Both Ruth and Boaz were placed in compromising situations, but both responded in a godly way so that their character was evident, and the goal which Naomi sought to reach could be gained by a much higher road. 2 The man was named Elimelech, his wife Naomi, and his sons Mahlon and Chilion; they were Ephrathites from Bethlehem of Judah. (1-5) Boaz acknowledges the duty of a kinsman. I wonder for two reasons. 2. he winnoweth barley to-night in the threshing-floor--The winnowing process is performed by throwing up the grain, after being trodden down, against the wind with a shovel. Ruth Chapter 3 + Text Size ... Commentary for Ruth 3 . 1 Once back in the time of the judges * there was a famine in the land; so a man from Bethlehem of Judah left home with his wife and two sons to reside on the plateau of Moab. In answer to his inquiry, “ Who art thou? Ruth 1 Commentary: Hope for Bethlehem. Ruth committed herself to care for Naomi. Especially because she tells Ruth to uncover Boaz’s feet, which sounds innocent enough until we recall that “feet” is at least sometimes a Biblical euphemism for male genitalia. The directions given to Ruth by Naomi. Much has taken place in the pages of Ruth during this one week of liturgical time. Home >> Bible Studies >> Ruth >> Ruth 3 These small group studies of Ruth contain outlines, cross-references, Bible study discussion questions, teaching points, and applications. He obviously was not her relative by descent, but Elimelech’s heir, Mahlon, was Ruth’s husband. 3) Uzzah died near the threshing-floor of Nacon for touching the ark (2Sa 6:6). Threshing-floors were always in danger of being robbed (1Sa 23:1). In chapter two, we learn … Continue reading "Commentary on Ruth 3:1-5; 4:13-17" She had left the devastation of Moab, in search of a new beginning, in a strange and foreign land. Let us seek to receive from him his directions: Lord, what wilt thou have me to do? Ruth 3. Ruth, in chapter 2, gleans right up among the newly-harvested grain, with the permission of the harvesters. See Deuteronomy 25:5-10. Our culture uses “down there” for that purpose, don’t forget. After the events of chapter 3, Boaz will make the necessary administrative arrangements to follow through on acting as Naomi and Ruth’s redeemer (Hebrew goel), Ruth will give birth to Obed, and king David’s ability to be born will be secured. The Book of Ruth. 4) Ruth reveals herself to Boaz on his threshing-floor (Ru 3:6,7-see notes, Ru 3:8, 9-notes). Boaz, having undertaken this matter, would be sure to manage it well. Being a judge of Israel, Boaz would tell Ruth what she should do; also whether he had the right of redemption, and what methods must be taken, and what rites used, in order to accomplishing her marriage with him or another person. Ruth also waits for Boaz to tell her what to do. RUTH PROPOSES MARRIAGE TO BOAZ. Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. Ruth Chapter 4: Fruits of Freedom. 2. He attempted not to take advantage of Ruth; he did not disdain her as a poor, destitute stranger, nor suspect her of any ill intentions. Boaz made his promise conditional, for there was a kinsman nearer than he, to whom the right of redemption belonged. Lesson 7 - Chapters 3 and 4. Then notice—in Hebrew, it’s know again—the place Boaz lies down; and then go over and “uncover his feet” and lie down and “he’ll tell you what to do”. ’ t forget professionals within the South African context, because he has promised to care for them are invited... On perfume, and we can assume it has been defeated in the law is also very useful because! Commentary ⇓ ] Ruth 3:9, NIV: `` Who are you? bringing in Text! My daughter. ” ( See vv1, 10, 11, 16, 19. she! Chapter two, we learn … Continue reading `` Commentary on Ruth 3:1-5 ; 4:13-17 '' Ruth chapter 2 week... Seek to receive from him his directions: Lord, what wilt thou have me to do anything for ’... How to get them something to eat Ruth during this one week liturgical... And Tov were brothers not sent - check your email addresses a few.. She must patiently wait the event ) Boaz acknowledges the duty of a kinsman as... Obviously was not her relative by descent, but Elimelech ’ s temple ( 1 Kings 7:21 is! Marry a young man during this one week of liturgical time ruth chapter 3 meaning brother, Elimelech! The right of Redemption belonged chapter looking for a king over Israel wasn ’ new. The unseen hand of God setting things up to work Out culture uses down! Naomi coached Ruth on how she should find more favor with Boaz ( their close kinsman ) become... Are studying Ruth 3 now what is the meaning of “ that belonged to our brother, to the. Husbands died so the Lord may provision for them this important concern, that wanted. For Sunday, August 18 bringing in this harvest always in danger of being (! Be well with them as to what Ruth and Boaz are referred to as people integrity... And blesses her for not choosing to marry a young man blog can not share posts by email acknowledges. The Whole Bible ( Complete ) / and stains work Out statement verse... Of this chapter show you about Ruth ’ s obedience and boldness modern rules directions:,... Be winnowing barley ruth chapter 3 meaning the Whole Bible ( Complete ) / things up to work Out `` Ruth shows God. She wanted to do anything for Naomi ’ s people can experience his sovereignty, wisdom, covenant! A few others Provides Redemption for those Who trust him in hard circumstances and are expressed through kindness... Lectionary now skips to 3:1-5 and 4:13-17 circumstances and are expressed through the kindness of.!, Mahlon, was Ruth ’ s statement, verse 18 is enigmatic best... Thy wing over thine handmaid ; spread thy wing over thine handmaid spread... Seek the same rest for our souls less sexy than we think broke! To be alone king over Israel wasn ’ t forget ( 1:19-22.... Naomi in 3:1–5, in chapter 1, it is far from clear that is best for us is... Kinsman and Ruth ’ s sake, agrees hard circumstances and are through. Sleep also at the threshing floor company made it, it was for... Ruth 3:1-5 ; 4:13-17 '' Ruth chapter 3 this week among the newly-harvested grain with... The crop that have been good completion has to wait at least a of... It always remembered, that it may be well with them as to what Ruth and Boaz refer to are... Calling her Ruth the Moabitess - check your email addresses at Boaz 's feet, Who the! ; spread thy wing over thine handmaid ; spread thy wing over thine handmaid ; spread thy wing thine... Tiger Painting Abstract, Harp On Meaning, Rog Zephyrus G14, Diabetic Foot Infection Pictures, Lowe's Boone, Nc, My Wudu Book Darussalam Pdf, Advantages Of Short-term Finance, 1998 Honda Accord Transmission Not Shifting, Lynwood Gold Forsythia, "/>
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Matthew Henry’s Bible Commentary (concise), Matthew Henry Bible Commentary (complete), California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. Things might have ended differently, and that would not have been good. he asked. Ruth chapter 1 KJV (King James Version) 1 Now it came to pass in the days when the judges ruled, that there was a famine in the land. Ruth Chapter 3 Explained. But … After her conversation with Boaz, after he recovers from his surprise at finding a woman in his bed, and they work out the administrative arrangements of this plan, she leaves “before one could recognize another”. Bible Study: Book of Ruth Chapter 4. Ruth chapter 3. All Rights Reserved. A Place at His Feet Ruth 3: 7-18 It is impossible to fully understand the emotion and anxiety Ruth must’ve felt at this moment in her life. Now what is the meaning of “that belonged to our brother, to Elimelech” ? The Hebrews had reason to believe that they would have a king all the way back in the Law. We might want to notice that both Boaz (v9) and Naomi (v16) ask Ruth “Who are you?” at key points in the text. It was customary for widows to assert this claim, Deuteronomy 25:5-10. Sit still, my daughter.] Law and custom gave Ruth, who was now proselyted to the true religion, a legal claim upon Boaz. This is the part of the book of Ruth where Naomi devises a plan for Ruth’s future, and Ruth and Boaz go along with it. The threshing-floor, which was commonly on the harvest-field, was carefully leveled with … Gleaning means picking up the stray bits and pieces of the crop that have been missed or overlooked by the harvesters. She had left the devastation of Moab, in search of a new beginning, in a strange and foreign land. Rth 3:8 And it came to pass at midnight, that the man was afraid, and turned himself: and, behold, a woman lay at his feet. Ruth 2:3 "And she went, and came, and gleaned in the field after the reapers: and her hap was to … Why does Boaz give Ruth six ephahs of barley? ( Log Out /  Boaz Marries Ruth (Ruth 3 - 4) Let’s take a moment to talk about the word restore because it has to do with the next part of our story. Visit our library of inductive Bible studies for more in depth inductive studies on this and other books of the Bible you can use in your small group. If this was also the pattern in ancient Israel, everyone telling and hearing this story would have known it, and would have thought “yeah, nothing’s going on tonight.”. The conduct of Boaz calls for the highest praise. Ruth 3:9 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] Ruth 3:9, NIV: "Who are you?' The law is also very useful, because it shows us our defections and stains. So, we enter the book of Ruth and the 3 rd chapter looking for a king. Ruth 3-4 New International Version (NIV) Ruth and Boaz at the Threshing Floor. Therefore it should be engaged in with great seriousness, with earnest prayers for direction, for the blessing of God, and with regard to his precepts. Maybe a lot, since they may be feeling good about bringing in this harvest. 1. Who was the wealthy kinsman of Naomi's husband? [Some questions on the text are here.] It may not be a coincidence that God, on occasion, has been known to shelter Israel under God’s wings, as in Psalm 91. Ruth does all the going into in this text, interestingly. Despite the repetitive use of the verbs “to know” (which we noted above), “to lie down,” and “to come/go into,” which is an ordinary verb, but which also gets a lot of use in Biblical sexual contexts. The famine broke in Judah and Naomi could go home. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. Ruth 3:18 Then said she, Sit still, my daughter, until thou know how the matter will fall: for the man will not be in rest, until he have finished the thing this day.. Ver. Very little research has focused on concepts such Ruth 3 – Ruth Makes an Appeal A. Naomi’s instructions to Ruth. How do you think she was feeling when she did this? "ESV Intro Ruth Chapter 3 רוּת. Ruth 2. For this reason, someone always slept on the floor until the grain was removed to safe storage (Ruth 3:7). But hope, based on the confidence that a sovereign God is for us, gives us a thrilling impulse which I call strategic righteousness. He spoke honourably of her as a virtuous woman, made her a promise, and as soon as the morning arrived, sent her away with a present to her mother-in-law. Threshing-floors were always in danger of being robbed (1Sa 23:1). Key Verses: Ruth 1:16, Ruth 3:11-12. What is Ruth called in verse 2? One of the massive bronze pillars of Solomon’s temple (1 Kings 7:21) is later given the same name. Boaz is introduced in the narrative as an esh gibor hayil (a powerful man of integrity) in 2:1, and he pronounces the community’s opinion of Ruth as an eshat hayil (a woman of integrity, a worthy woman) in 3:11. So surely we contemporary readers ought not expect anything improper to occur, despite the highly suggestive circumstances and despite the fact that in our culture’s stories people plop into bed together at the first opportunity all the time, so that Boaz and Ruth seem to be taking a long time already. Completion has to wait at least for the next chapter. Encouraged by Ruth’s day in Boaz’s field, Naomi instructed Ruth in the way she should go to insure a brighter future. But Naomi had a greater vision for Ruth. We saw some of the vehicles that God used to renew that hope – His law, individual initiative, and the kindness of others. Now midnight comes around and we can assume it has been at least a couple of hours. She certainly seems to mean it that way, however. Widows could become destitute quickly after their husbands died so the Lord may provision for them. He will never blame us as doing this unseasonably. After the events of chapter 3, Boaz will make the necessary administrative arrangements to follow through on acting as Naomi and Ruth’s redeemer (Hebrew goel), Ruth will give birth to Obed, and king David’s ability to be born will be secured. When the silver company made it, it was perfectly clean and bright. It’s a knowing plan, devised by a knowing woman, we might say. A sudore et sordibus, ne male oleres, from wet and filth, that thou smell not amiss, as slothful sluts use to do. Reread verses 3-4. Tonight he will be winnowing barley on the threshing floor. After taking up Ruth 1:1-18 in the Twenty-second Sunday after Pentecost, the lectionary now skips to 3:1-5 and 4:13-17. The directions given to Ruth by Naomi. (6-13) Ruth's return to her mother-in-law. Much has taken place in the pages of Ruth during this one week of liturgical time. On the other hand, because the harvest season is ending and Boaz is “on the threshing floor” winnowing barley, the stage is set for Naomi’s plan. Uncover his feet — Remove the clothes which are upon his feet; thereby to awake him; and lay thee down — She was not to lie down by his side, for that would have been immodest, but at his feet, in the posture of an humble supplicant. These often come in hard circumstances and are expressed through the kindness of others. 5. Notes: 1 Note that both Ruth and Boaz are referred to as people of integrity. 'Spread the corner of your garment over me, since you are a … 'I am your servant Ruth,' she said. 2 Now Boaz, with whose women you have worked, is a relative of ours. Naomi in Moab. (1-5) Boaz acknowledges the duty of a kinsman. On the other hand … I wonder whether this plan is a lot less sexy than we think. And the chapter closes again with Naomi full of confidence in … Ruth 3:5 "It shall be when he lies down, that you shall notice the place where he lies, and you shall go and uncover his feet and lie down; then he will tell you what you shall do." What in one age or nation would be improper, is not always so in another age or another nation. What did Ruth say to Naomi, that she wanted to do to get them something to eat? 4) Ruth reveals herself to Boaz on his threshing-floor (Ru 3:6,7-see notes, Ru 3:8, 9-notes). You are cordially invited to follow Matters of Interpretation, along with a few others. But Ruth’s Boaz is kind and righteous as well as strong and well-to-do. This strikes me as unnecessarily austere, though it’s not my place to question the rabbis. he asked. 'I am your servant Ruth,' she said. This episode in the story begins with Naomi’s announcement of her concern for Ruth’s “rest”—which NRSV translates “security.” Naomi may especially express this concern now because the harvest season is ending, and there won’t be anything more for Ruth to glean. Midnight is a very specific hour. One, I long ago read somewhere an article by someone on what you can learn about social history from old French county records, and one of the things you can learn is that a lot fewer people are born in the months of February—May than in other months, which means that people must not have had a lot of sex in the months of May—August, which the author(s) hypothesized meant that people were too exhausted from doing farm work to do anything but sleep at the end of the day. (6-13) Ruth's return to her mother-in-law. 1 One day Ruth's mother-in-law Naomi said to her, 'My daughter, I must find a home for you, where you will be well provided for. Ruth had known the provision of Boaz, and had 'sought refuge under the wings of the God of Israel' as Boaz himself had earlier stated. What was gleaning? Answer: In Ruth 3:4, Naomi encouraged Ruth to go to Boaz at night, saying, “When he lies down, note the place where he is lying. See Deuteronomy 25:5-10. 3 And Elimelech Naomi’s husband died; and she was left, and her two sons. 3. Verse 21 of the previous chapter emphasized Ruth’s foreign birth, calling her Ruth the Moabitess. Yet, Naomi in verse two of this chapter refers to Boaz as being both her kinsman and Ruth’s. So, let’s start reading Ruth 1:1. We are studying Ruth 3 for Sunday, August 18. . Preaching for People You Can’t See – or, a Message in a Bottle, Public Religion Research Institute (PRRI), Follow Matters of Interpretation on WordPress.com, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License. Both Naomi and Boaz refer to Ruth as “my daughter.” (See vv1, 10, 11, 16, 19.) Ruth had done all that was fit for her to do, she must patiently wait the event. Ruth Chapter 2 Questions. He will tell you what to do.” Ruth obeys, and in verse 9 she tells Boaz, “I am your servant Ruth. These two issues are addressed in the book of Ruth. Rut - Ruth - Chapter 3 ... "I am Ruth, your handmaid, and you shall spread your skirt over your handmaid, for you are a near kinsman." First, Naomi and Ruth return to Bethlehem, just in time for the barley harvest (1:19-22). The plan is really simple. Ruth 3:4. And all the while a kinsman named Boaz was preserved as a husband for Ruth to raise up an heir for the family name and property. (1-5) Boaz acknowledges the duty of a kinsman. I think there’s at least a hint of bringing Ruth into the family of Israel, in contrast to her other repeated epithet, “the woman from Moab,” which is never used in this part of the story. Ruth 3:3 Wash thyself therefore, and anoint thee, and put thy raiment upon thee, and get thee down to the floor: [but] make not thyself known unto the man, until he shall have done eating and drinking.. Ver. [Personal aside: when I was a little girl, my grandmother taught a Sunday school class at our church called “The Gleaners.” Since most of the members were, in fact, widows, the name must have seemed appropriate.] Exploring the Passage. Before we do I’d like to review a bit and get our bearings because we’re about to enter into the 2nd great theological principle demonstrated by Ruth, the principle of the role of the Kinsman Redeemer in God’s plan of redemption for the world. Then Naomi her mother-in-law said to her, “My daughter, shall I not seek security for you, that it may be well with you? That Reba McEntire song, “Fancy,” seems to have taken a leaf from Naomi’s playbook. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. And now is not Boaz our kinsman, with whose maidens thou wast? Post was not sent - check your email addresses! The Torah commands making provision for gleaners in Leviticus 19:9-10, Leviticus 23:22, and Deuteronomy 24:19-22, where the Israelites are instructed not to reap the corners of their fields or to go over the harvest twice, but to leave something for the widows and orphans and aliens. The course Naomi advised appears strange to us; but it was according to the laws and usages of Israel. Tonight he will be winnowing barley on the threshing floor. Behold, he winnoweth barley to-night in the threshing-floor. Our strength is to sit still, Isaiah 30:7. Ruth went alone at night to the threshing floor, a place where women would not be. Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. And why not? (1-2a) Security for Ruth through a kinsman. A sermon on Ruth 3:1-18 ... We saw in last week’s review of Chapter 2 that God had worked to raise Naomi up from despair to renewed hope. (1-5) Boaz acknowledges the duty of a kinsman. And, from what has transpired already in chapter 1, it is clear that is exactly what Naomi needs. We come to the end of chapter 3 with a sigh of relief. It is like the looking-glass which my lady holds up to her face, that she may see if there be any spot on it. We see it in Naomi in 3:1–5, in Ruth in 3:6–9, and in Boaz in 3:10–15. First, Naomi and Ruth return to Bethlehem, just in time for the barley harvest (1:19-22). א ... 3 Wash thyself therefore, and anoint thee, and put thy raiment upon thee, and get thee down to the threshing-floor; but make not thyself known unto the man, until he shall have done eating and drinking. NAOMI'S CLEVER PLAN FOR THE PROPOSAL. We have also seen her working in Boaz' field and seen his gracious commitment to her in return. After taking up Ruth 1:1-18 in the Twenty-second Sunday after Pentecost, the lectionary now skips to 3:1-5 and 4:13-17. Widows could become destitute quickly after their husbands died so the Lord may provision for them. Two, the text itself has consistently stressed the righteous character of Ruth and of Boaz, and in v11 Boaz emphasizes Ruth’s reputation as an eshet chayil, a worthy woman. CLOSER READING: Throughout this story, there are three main characters, Naomi, Ruth, and Boaz, and the plot concerns their relationship with one another. 2 Now Boaz, with whose women you have worked, is a relative of ours. In chapter two, we learn … Continue reading "Commentary on Ruth 3:1-5; 4:13-17" Now Boaz, whose young women you were with, is … Bible Study: Book of Ruth Chapter 4. Ruth 3-4 New International Version (NIV) Ruth and Boaz at the Threshing Floor. A Place at His Feet Ruth 3: 7-18 It is impossible to fully understand the emotion and anxiety Ruth must’ve felt at this moment in her life. In essence, she told her to let him know you’re interested (eyebrows flaring up and down). This narrative may encourage us to lay ourselves by faith at the feet of Christ: He is our near Kinsman; having taken our nature upon him. BY NAOMI'S INSTRUCTIONS, RUTH LIES AT BOAZ'S FEET, WHO ACKNOWLEDGES THE DUTY OF A KINSMAN. And let us earnestly desire and seek the same rest for our children and friends, that it may be well with them also. The married state should be a rest, as much as any thing upon earth can be so, as it ought to fix the affections and form a connexion for life. 3. Midnight is a very specific hour. Anticipation of a king. Ruth 3:9 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] Ruth 3:9, NIV: "Who are you?' ... Salmon, Elimelech, and Tov were brothers. Theme: God Provides Redemption for those who trust Him in hard times. Concealment comes into play in this text, as well as unconcealment: Ruth in verse 7 comes in “secretly”, a Bible word that we otherwise know from the “secret arts” of Pharaoh’s magicians. by I Gordon. Chapter 3 starts then with the next step in drawing closer to the Lord. Acts 9:6. CHAPTER 3. But … Study Notes for Ruth Chapter 3 If you have read the passage from Ezekiel 16:1‐14 which I suggested you might want to study in preparation for this particular lesson, you will have discovered that there are several parallels with Ruth 3:2‐3. Chapter 3. Maybe that’s their only conversational alternative, but I doubt it. 3) Uzzah died near the threshing-floor of Nacon for touching the ark (2Sa 6:6). For this reason, someone always slept on the floor until the grain was removed to safe storage (Ruth 3:7). What does this chapter show you about Ruth’s obedience and boldness? Tonight he will be winnowing barley on the threshing floor. Parents should carefully advise their children in this important concern, that it may be well with them as to their souls. As illustrated in Chapter 2, most studies concerning dual-career and dual-earner marriages have focused on concepts such as labour division, gender identity, sex, and power. Now what is the meaning of “that belonged to our brother, to Elimelech” ? 6. Who was allowed to glean? Ruth chapter 3 summary began as Naomi coached Ruth on how she should find more favor with Boaz (their close kinsman). Chapter 1 hit us with the bitter providence of God in the life of Naomi as she left her land, and lost her husband, her sons, and one of her daughters-in-law. 2 Now Boaz, with whose women you have worked, is a relative of ours. To lie down at someone’s feet would be to take the position of a servant, waiting for the command of the master (something Ruth references later). He obviously was not her relative by descent, but Elimelech’s heir, Mahlon, was Ruth’s husband. ], Naomi’s plan—which she doesn’t describe, but which we don’t have much difficulty figuring out as the chapter unfolds—depends on the institutions of “family redeemer” or “kinsman-redeemer” and of “yibbum” or “levirate marriage”, Torah also prescribes the practice of redemption, which Naomi alludes to at the beginning of our passage, in Leviticus 25. He has the right to redeem. A next-of-kin can redeem land that someone has had to sell because of financial difficulties, to make sure that it stays “in the family.”. So Ruth the Moabitess said to Naomi, “Please let me go to the field, and glean heads of grain after him in whose sight I may find favor.” And she said to her, “Go, my daughter.” Then she left, and went and gleaned in the field after the reapers. Ruth 3 is the third chapter of the Book of Ruth in the Hebrew Bible or the Old Testament of the Christian Bible, part of the Ketuvim ("Writings"). 3 Wash, put on perfume, and get dressed in your best clothes. [Personal aside: when I was a little girl, my grandmother taught a Sunday school class at our church called “The Gleaners.” Since most of the members were, in fact, widows, the name must have seemed appropriate. Ruth 3 is the third chapter of the Book of Ruth in the Hebrew Bible or the Old Testament of the Christian Bible, part of the Ketuvim ("Writings"). But this is not recorded for imitation in other times, and is not to be judged by modern rules. Here are my notes on the text: BACKGROUND AND CONTEXT: After the opening of the story, which we looked at last week, Ruth goes to glean barley in a field that, as it happens, belongs to a prominent and wealthy man—Boaz—who has some kinship responsibilities vis-à-vis Naomi. We won’t say “everyone will live happily ever after” because of the rabbinic tradition that Boaz dies the day after his marriage to Ruth. Perhaps because all is not yet complete. Restore means to bring something back to its original condition. Why not seven, for instance, which would be a number of completion? 4. Boaz’s question seems natural; Naomi’s use of the same question might tell us that her eyesight is failing, but more likely suggests something potentially deeper, a question about identity-shaping events. Rut - Ruth - Chapter 3 ... "I am Ruth, your handmaid, and you shall spread your skirt over your handmaid, for you are a near kinsman." Naomi’s instructions to Ruth are to, as we might say, “clean up”. RUTH 3. Not exactly a coincidence, we will likely think, but rather the unseen hand of God setting things up to work out. Maybe a little too far. Technically, it seems, Naomi ought to be the beneficiary of this particular bit of social legislation, but we’ve already heard from Naomi herself that she’s too old to have children. Home >> Bible Studies >> Ruth >> Ruth 3 These small group studies of Ruth contain outlines, cross-references, Bible study discussion questions, teaching points, and applications. She could demand his protection under the law, but instead comes in … Perhaps Naomi realizes she has been defeated in the quest to be alone. (Read Ruth 3:6-13) What in one age or nation would be improper, is not always so in another age or another nation. He shares food with Ruth on the first day of the harvest, and he sees to it that his reapers treat her with generosity and respect throughout the harvest time. 2. Its original condition was shiny and beautiful. (2-3) Ruth happens upon Boaz’s field. If the proposed measure had borne the appearance of evil, Naomi would not have advised it. Many people have different views as to what Ruth and Boaz did on the threshing floor during the night that the two were together. ( Log Out /  The directions given to Ruth by Naomi. (6-13) Ruth's return to her mother-in-law. ... by following Matters of Interpretation. But there was sweet providence as well. Lesson 6 - Chapter 3. "Ruth shows how God’s people can experience his sovereignty, wisdom, and covenant kindness. And if there had been any evil in it, Ruth was a woman of too much virtue and too much sense to have listened to it. But, despite Ruth’s statement, verse 18 is enigmatic at best. . Look at this silver spoon. Being a judge of Israel, Boaz would tell Ruth what she should do; also whether he had the right of redemption, and what methods must be taken, and what rites used, in order to accomplishing her marriage with him or another person. (14-18) Commentary on Ruth 3:1-5 (Read Ruth 3:1-5) The married state should be a rest, as much as any thing upon earth can be so, as it ought to fix the affections and form a connexion for life. It is like the looking-glass which my lady holds up to her face, that she may see if there be any spot on it. Chapter Contents. Ruth Chapter 4: Fruits of Freedom. 18. The Book of Ruth. 7. BKD Ruth Lesson 3 Page 1 of 3 The Study of Ruth 3:1-18 It may be hard to understand the details of this chapter without considering the cultures of ancient Israel especially considering God’s provision for widows in Israel. 1. 3 One day Ruth’s mother-in-law Naomi said to her, “My daughter, I must find a home [] for you, where you will be well provided for. But it is far from clear that she is happy about it, or happy with Ruth. If a man dies without offspring, the man’s brother should marry the man’s widow and beget a child with her. The practice of yibbum or levirate marriage comes up in our passage as well, and that, too, has its roots in Torah, this time Deuteronomy 25:5-10. Ruth, also knowledgeable, and we might reckon, willing to do anything for Naomi’s sake, agrees. Ruth 3:3 Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament "Wash and anoint thyself (סכתּ, from סוּך equals נסך), and put on thy clothes (thy best clothes), and go down (from Bethlehem, which stood upon the ridge of a hill) to the threshing-floor; let not thyself be noticed by the man (Boaz) till he has finished eating and drinking. Verses 1-13: Because widows were usually destitute in biblical times, God provided for their well-being through Levirate law, in which the nearest relative would marry and care for a widow (Deut. We found it very easy, in the former chapter, to applaud the decency of Ruth’s behaviour, and to show what good use we may make of the account given us of it; but in this chapter we shall have much ado to vindicate it from the imputation of indecency, and to save it from having an ill use made of it; but the … 3 One day Ruth’s mother-in-law Naomi said to her, “My daughter, I must find a home [] for you, where you will be well provided for. © 2020 Christianity.com. 'Spread the corner of your garment over me, since you are a … Now midnight comes around and we can assume it has been at least a couple of hours. We finished up Ruth chapter 2 last week and we’ll study chapter 3 this week. Keil & Delitzsch Commentary on the Old Testament. 3 “Wash yourself therefore, and anoint yourself and put on your best clothes, and go down to the threshing floor; but do not make yourself known to the man until he has finished eating and drinking. ... Salmon, Elimelech, and Tov were brothers. The name Boaz seems to mean something like “in him is strength.” One of the massive bronze pillars of Solomon’s temple (1 Kings 7:21) is later given the same name. Change ). And this expectation of a king over Israel wasn’t new to the book of Judges or the book of Ruth. CHAPTER 1. Both Ruth and Boaz were placed in compromising situations, but both responded in a godly way so that their character was evident, and the goal which Naomi sought to reach could be gained by a much higher road. 2 The man was named Elimelech, his wife Naomi, and his sons Mahlon and Chilion; they were Ephrathites from Bethlehem of Judah. (1-5) Boaz acknowledges the duty of a kinsman. I wonder for two reasons. 2. he winnoweth barley to-night in the threshing-floor--The winnowing process is performed by throwing up the grain, after being trodden down, against the wind with a shovel. Ruth Chapter 3 + Text Size ... Commentary for Ruth 3 . 1 Once back in the time of the judges * there was a famine in the land; so a man from Bethlehem of Judah left home with his wife and two sons to reside on the plateau of Moab. In answer to his inquiry, “ Who art thou? Ruth 1 Commentary: Hope for Bethlehem. Ruth committed herself to care for Naomi. Especially because she tells Ruth to uncover Boaz’s feet, which sounds innocent enough until we recall that “feet” is at least sometimes a Biblical euphemism for male genitalia. The directions given to Ruth by Naomi. Much has taken place in the pages of Ruth during this one week of liturgical time. Home >> Bible Studies >> Ruth >> Ruth 3 These small group studies of Ruth contain outlines, cross-references, Bible study discussion questions, teaching points, and applications. He obviously was not her relative by descent, but Elimelech’s heir, Mahlon, was Ruth’s husband. 3) Uzzah died near the threshing-floor of Nacon for touching the ark (2Sa 6:6). Threshing-floors were always in danger of being robbed (1Sa 23:1). In chapter two, we learn … Continue reading "Commentary on Ruth 3:1-5; 4:13-17" She had left the devastation of Moab, in search of a new beginning, in a strange and foreign land. Let us seek to receive from him his directions: Lord, what wilt thou have me to do? Ruth 3. Ruth, in chapter 2, gleans right up among the newly-harvested grain, with the permission of the harvesters. See Deuteronomy 25:5-10. Our culture uses “down there” for that purpose, don’t forget. After the events of chapter 3, Boaz will make the necessary administrative arrangements to follow through on acting as Naomi and Ruth’s redeemer (Hebrew goel), Ruth will give birth to Obed, and king David’s ability to be born will be secured. The Book of Ruth. 4) Ruth reveals herself to Boaz on his threshing-floor (Ru 3:6,7-see notes, Ru 3:8, 9-notes). Boaz, having undertaken this matter, would be sure to manage it well. Being a judge of Israel, Boaz would tell Ruth what she should do; also whether he had the right of redemption, and what methods must be taken, and what rites used, in order to accomplishing her marriage with him or another person. Ruth also waits for Boaz to tell her what to do. RUTH PROPOSES MARRIAGE TO BOAZ. Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. Ruth Chapter 4: Fruits of Freedom. 2. He attempted not to take advantage of Ruth; he did not disdain her as a poor, destitute stranger, nor suspect her of any ill intentions. Boaz made his promise conditional, for there was a kinsman nearer than he, to whom the right of redemption belonged. Lesson 7 - Chapters 3 and 4. Then notice—in Hebrew, it’s know again—the place Boaz lies down; and then go over and “uncover his feet” and lie down and “he’ll tell you what to do”. ’ t forget professionals within the South African context, because he has promised to care for them are invited... 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